Jet aircraft have a range of up to 15,000km, enabling Airlines to operate non-stop flights lasting up to 17 hours cruising at 800 kilometers per hour, 40,000 feet above sea level.
The ability to connect distant continents and cities within hours makes aircraft a medium for transportation of vectors that transmit Chikungunya, Dengue, Filariasis, Malaria, Zika and Yellow fever to name but a few. As a preventive measure, aircraft must be disinsected to avoid spread of disease.
In order to ensure safety and comfort for extended periods in a confined environment at high speed and altitude, the aircraft cabin must be air-conditioned and pressurized.
How does disinsection, air-conditioning, pressurization and altitude affect passengers and crew?